To start Canada PR visa process from India, you need to understand process to apply for Canada Permanent Resident (PR). This post offers detail info and step by step process for applying.
The young professionals seeking growth, monetary gains, professional satisfaction, amenities for family and high standard of living opt for immigration to Canada. The country offers various benefits to foreign skilled workers, entrepreneurs and young investors. One of the easiest gateways to immigrate to Canada is through Permanent Residency visa that offers social welfare, health benefits, free education and right to work to immigrants in a vibrant and diverse Canadian society. Let us understand Canada permanent resident visa process and steps to apply.
Canada Permanent Residency visa is one of the most sought after visa categories among young Indian professionals. This 5 years multiple entry visa allows foreign skilled workers to work and carve a niche for themselves in Canada. Further, the family of candidates can also accompany them and enjoy the social welfare and educational benefits offered under PR visa category.
Moreover, after working for three consecutive years in Canada on the PR visa, candidates can apply for Canadian citizenship. This clearly indicates the importance of PR visa category and the benefits offered by the country under this category. Interestingly, Canada is targeting 360,000 PR visas in 2020-22.
An international hub of IT companies, commerce and financial institutions, startups, educational academies, tech giants – Canada attracts young Indian professionals who want upward mobility, immigrant-friendly policies, job security, cultural diversity, inclusive society, and high standard of living. The country receives many applications by foreign skilled professionals for immigration every year.
There are two major pathways to migrate to Canada from India. Candidates should fulfill Canada PR eligibility criteria in order to start process for applying Canada PR (Permanent Resident) visa from India. Read on to understand the Canada PR process:
With the Canada Express Entry Program, the skilled candidate can immigrate to Canada in six months; it is the fastest mode of immigration. Through this model, the candidate is free to settle in any province of Canada. On the other hand, Provincial Nominee Program(PNP) allows selective immigration status to the candidate in which the province which provides the candidates with the nomination it is only that province where the stay is allotted to the candidate. However, there are provisions allotted for migrating to another province as well, but for this there are some criteria that need to be met beforehand.
Express Entry Program: Introduced by Canadian government in 2015, this electronic selection system is purely based on certain factors such as age of candidate, educational credentials, work experience in specific trade/industry, score in English language skills, skill set of spouse (if any), health and financial status of candidate, CRS score among others. Considered as the fastest mode of immigration, this program allows candidates to settle in any province in Canada.
The Express Entry program is well known for effective and fast processing. It offers opportunities and benefits to candidates similar to Canadian citizens.
Under the Express entry system of immigration, the candidates are evaluated through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) tool. In this method, candidates are ranked and given scores based on these parameters-
After calculation of the score on the above-based factors, candidates are judged against one another. Their applications are put in a pool from which the minimum score is calculated for selection. From the express entry pool, there is an Express Entry draw that is announced every 15 days. Applicants who have the maximum score as per the draw are allotted Invitation To Apply (ITA) for PR status. Ideally, candidates should process ITA within 60 days along with relevant documents.
The draw system is not very difficult to comprehend, provided the calculation of the score is correctly evaluated based on the above-mentioned parameters. As per the last draw released on 8th July 2020, the minimum score requirement is 478 points, which means that candidates having a score of 478 points or above were eligible for ITA.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): This program is an apt choice for trained workers who are interested in getting Canada PR. They should be nominated for a specific job role by a particular province that has a shortage of manpower for a particular job. Remember that every province has its own set of requirements and eligibility criteria that should be fulfilled by candidates. Candidates can seek a nomination from the specific province if they meet eligibility criteria and other conditions. Candidates get 600 bonus points in the Express Entry system after being allotted the provincial nomination, thus improve their chances to Canada immigration and receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA).
Some of the popular PNP are --
The Expression of Interest (EOI) is the first step when it comes to provincial immigration to Canada in provinces like Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It is a tool that can be directly assessed from the website of the province, and an online profile can be created by candidates. Remember that every province has its own eligibility criteria and work opportunities depend on the labor market requirement in that province.
The Canada government invites skilled workers to work and settle there as well as contribute to the country’s economy. Hence, candidates should meet educational criteria and have prior work experience for work opportunities In this regard, an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of candidates play a major role. The ECA report validates that the educational qualification of candidate is equivalent to the Canadian educational standards. Once candidates’ applications and educational credentials are evaluated by an authorized body like World Education Services (WES) they are eligible to apply for Canada Permanent Resident (PR) visa process.
Candidates, who wish to immigrate through the Canada Federal Skilled Workers Program under the Express Entry Program, need to get the ECA done before sending their applications for the Express Entry pool. For Canada PR visa, process of ECA is very simple, the candidate needs to submit all the documents – transcripts and certificates included to designated organizations. Some of the most popular ones are –
Remember that the ECA done should not be more than five years old to be considered valid for further processing. For an ECA the average processing time is around 20 to 50 days.
Language proficiency is one of the significant criteria for Canada PR (Permanent Resident) visa process from India and is an essential factor in the point calculation. Hence, it is imperative that all aspiring candidates must undertake IELTS exam before immigration processing. The minimum score requirement depends on the immigration program selected by candidate and also on overall credentials of the candidate. However, a high band score enhances candidates’ chances for Canada immigration. Some provinces settle for a score as low as 4.5 bands like Saskatchewan for immigration under PNP.
The candidates also have the option to appear for alternative tests like CELPIP and Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) in place of IELTS but these exams have similar pattern. The below-mentioned table helpcandidates evaluate the test equivalency between CLB and IELTS.
The Permanent Residency (PR) status of Canada can be achieved when the application is properly processed for immigration. Some of the key step by step Canada PR process are-
The immigration process starts with set of right documents in order to expedite the matter at the earliest in hassle-free manner. Here is a list of documents that candidates should produce while applying for PR visa from India:
👉 Read in Detail: List of Documents Required for Canada PR
👉 Also Read: Benefits of Canada PR
The PR visa from India cost amounts to 1040 Canadian dollars (or 56,000 INR) per applicant who are above 18 years. Candidates are supposed to pay 285 Canadian dollars (or 15,500 INR) in the initial stage for an Education Credential Assessment fee. This step assesses academic credentials and standard of candidates compared to educational needs of Canada. The immigration pathway is also a deciding factor in PR visa application fee.
Principal and secondary applicants are required to pay 550 Canadian dollars (or 28,143 INR) for visa application, while children of a candidate, who are under 22 years of age, are required to pay 150 Canadian dollars (or 7,675 INR).
The processing time for Canada PR status application depends on immigration program as well as credentials of the candidates. Applications that meet eligibility criteria are processed in 6 months under the Express Entry program. Some applications are processed in a fast manner under certain Provincial Nominee Programs. Currently, SINP authorities are accepting 500 applications and average processing time in this categoryis 3 to 4 months.
In the Express Entry draws, the applications which have been in the Express Entry pool for a longer period of time are accepted over the others. The validity of a profile remains for a period of one year after which new profile needs to be created by the applicant. Later, candidates can re-submit their application and re-enter the pool for evaluation process.
Signature Visas is a leading immigration consultancy, and our professionals are dedicated to providing one-stop visa solutions for Canada and Australia. For queries on Canada permanent resident visa process from India, you can contact our experts at +91-991185 888